Guardianship: Caring for children, minors and the like is an inherited and rooted value in Emirati society In addition to being one of the principles of Islamic Sharia, the state has been keen on consolidating and consolidating these values through the establishment of a legislative structure that supports this awareness. And because education is a necessity that precedes accountability, we had to shed light on some of the definitions of preserving young children and caring for minors and the like through the Federal Personal Status Law and the controls it contains in this matter. This protection takes the following pictures (custody of children, guardianship and guardianship),
And each differs from the other, as custody of children differs from guardianship, guardianship over oneself, and guardianship over money in terms of conditions and effects.

Guardianship over oneself is for the father, then for the grandfather, then for other relatives according to the order of inheritance, provided that the guardian is a relative of the minor and includes in it the authority to discipline, treat, educate and direct the minor to a profession from which he can earn. Agreeing to marry him, and to preserve and invest his money, all of this falls under guardianship over the soul. As for guardianship over money, the principle is that it does not occur until the father’s death, and it is either for whom the father chooses for her or for whom the court appoints as a guardian, and it includes preserving the money of the minor. It originally ends at the age of eighteen. As for the custody of children, it is to protect the boy and his interests, and to take care of his food, drink, clothing, health in his sleep and health. It is between the parents unless separated by divorce or the death of the father. Ten, unless the court deems it necessary to continue the custody ruling over the children.

Such protection is granted as follows:

First, the nursery for children:

Custody for children shall be for the mother, then the father – the mother’s mother and if she is high – the father’s mother and if she is high. In the absence of either of them, the custody of the children is transferred to the sisters by providing the sister, then the mother’s sister, and then the father’s sister. In the absence of sisters, the custody of the children goes to the daughter of the sister, then the daughter of the sister to the mother. In the absence of any of the above, the custody of the children shall be the share of the aunts, in the advanced order of the sisters.

Secondly, the state is divided into two parts:

1- Guardianship over the self: the young child is subject to her until the age of puberty is completed, taking into account the marriage of the female, and the unmarried girl is subject to the right of her forbidden guardian to include her with him to the guardianship of the self, and the guardianship of the self is to the father, and then to the one who is the one who is alone in the order of inheritance.

2- Guardianship over money: over the money to the father alone, then to his guardian if any, then to the right grandfather (the father’s father), then to his guardian if any, then to the judge.

Third, guardianship is divided into two parts:

1- The chosen guardian: He is the one whom the father voluntarily appoints over his minor son to manage the money of his minor son upon his death.

2- The judge’s guardian: he is appointed by the court in the absence of a chosen guardian or a valid grandfather. The judge appoints a special or temporary guardian whenever the interest requires.

UAE law clarifies guardianship over money for the minor and explains the provisions and circumstances according to the different cases and age stages that the minor goes through. The term “young” in the legal terminology refers to a young person who has not reached the age of majority. Where the law considers anyone who has not reached the age of twenty-one to be considered a minor, and a guardian is appointed over his financial affairs until he reaches the age of majority.

A child who has not completed seven years of age is called an undistinguished child. It was described as indistinguishable given that it is in its early childhood. That is, he is not aware of the actions and actions of those around him, and his words cannot be taken into account at this stage. As for a young child who has completed seven, even before reaching the age of majority, he is called a distinguished young person.

In this circumstance, his financial statements are considered in three cases:

1- If these financial transactions are of full benefit to the youngster, then in this case it is permissible to take them even without the guardian’s permission.

2- Financial transactions are considered void and may not be taken despite the guardian’s approval, if they cause harm, such as donating or lending to others.

3- In the case where the financial transactions are questionable, that is, the extent of their benefit and harm at the same time are not ascertained, such as cases of buying and selling. In that case, the actions are suspended and need the guardian’s permission, so they are invalidated because they are in the interest of the youngster.

The law does not recognize the leave issued by the minor as long as he is still a minor. Guardianship over money is not recognized if the behavior is in violation of the law, and it is revoked when it is in the interest of the youngster.

In the event that a young person has reached or exceeded eighteen years but has not yet reached the age of majority, the guardian may allow him to dispose of some or all of his money, and the court also gives permission for the young person to dispose of it on the condition that he proves good behavior and does not cause any harmful behavior. In this case, the judgment is voided.

UAE law differentiates between the age allowed to control financial transactions and the age of marriage. Where the law allows for those who have reached the age of eighteen the right to marry. But if someone wants to get married before the age of eighteen, there must be a court order to approve the completion of the marriage.

The law sets out several provisions for custody of children, guardianship over money, and guardianship over oneself, and texts that describe and set the correct lines for managing the personal and financial matters of young children. The state puts the interest and protection of the young child in mind, and prevents any possible damages that may befall him.