In the United Arab Emirates, Sharia law governs many aspects of daily life, including inheritance. Inheritance in the UAE is an important aspect of society and is governed by specific rules under Islamic law. Sharia law is based on the teachings of the Quran and the Hadith, which provide guidelines on how to distribute property after a person’s death.
Under Sharia law, inheritance is divided among the deceased person’s heirs according to a predetermined procedure. This procedure is based on the relationship between the deceased and the heirs, and the gender of the heirs. The method is designed to ensure that the distribution of inheritance is fair and just, and that no one is left without a share.
INHERITANCE LAWS IN THE UAE
In the UAE, the distribution of inheritance is governed by Federal Law No. 5 of 1985, which is based on Sharia law. The law outlines the rules for inheritance and specifies the shares that are due to each of the heirs. The law applies to all Muslims, regardless of their nationality or residence in the UAE.
According to Sharia law, there are several categories of heirs, including the spouse, children, parents, and siblings. Each category of heirs is entitled to a specific share of the inheritance, which is determined by the relationship between the deceased and the heirs.
FOR SPOUSE AND CHILDREN
The spouse is entitled to a share of the inheritance, depending on the number of children that the deceased had. If the deceased had children, the spouse is entitled to one-eighth of the inheritance. If the deceased did not have any children, the spouse is entitled to one-fourth of the inheritance.
The children are entitled to a share of the inheritance, depending on their gender and the number of children. Sons are entitled to twice the share of daughters. If the deceased had both sons and daughters, the sons are entitled to two-thirds of the inheritance, and the daughters are entitled to one-third.
FOR PARENTS AND SIBLINGS
The parents are entitled to a share of the inheritance, depending on their relationship to the deceased. If the deceased had a mother and father, each is entitled to one-sixth of the inheritance. If the deceased had only a mother, the mother is entitled to one-third of the inheritance. If the deceased had only a father, the father is entitled to the entire inheritance if there are no other heirs.
The siblings are entitled to a share of the inheritance, depending on the number of siblings and their gender. If the deceased had only one brother or sister, the sibling is entitled to one-sixth of the inheritance. If the deceased had more than one brother or sister, they share one-third of the inheritance.
In conclusion, Sharia law governs inheritance in the UAE and provides a predetermined method for the distribution of property after a person’s death. Understanding the rules of inheritance under Sharia law is important for Muslims living in the UAE, as it affects the distribution of their assets after their death.